Episode 7. Walking on Water
Christ's invitation to Peter to have faith amidst the tempest, Matthew 14:22-33
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Jesus’ miracle over the laws of nature reaffirms his claim as the Son of God and his claim to divinity. Jesus confirms that he is Lord over all of creation.
The fourth watch of the night was between 3:00 and 6:00 A.M. The disciples have been battling the waves for nearly nine hours. They are exhausted.
Jesus responds to Peter with the statement “It is I,” or literally, “I am” (the Greek words are ego eimi). This recall’s the name God told to Moses in the burning bush. This is also another claim to divinity.
Peter was challenged to keep his eyes on God and not on the circumstances.
He was only in danger when he took his eyes off of God and looked at the waves.
Despite his lack of faith, God still rescued him.
Christ’s demonstration of power reaffirms his encouragement to “not be afraid.” He rules over all.
Questions to reflect upon:
- In your personal life, what circumstances cause you to take your eyes off of Christ?
- The video clip shows Judas arguing that the Messiah should be a warrior. There was a belief among some Jews that the Messiah should be a conqueror and Judas expresses that belief. In what other ways was Jesus different than people’s expectations at the times?
- Again, Peter is at the center of a major miracle. What was it about Peter that Christ often worked miracles around and with him?
- Jesus says to Peter, “Why did you doubt?” Peter doesn’t provide an answer. Why do you think Peter doubted?
Episode 8. The Last Supper
Christ's final fellowship and farewell to his disciples, Matthew 26:20-28
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In the video clip, Jesus reminds the disciples to not be afraid. This clip also uses a quote from Jesus spoken in John 14:6: “I am the Truth, the Way, and the Light.” The quote concludes with “No one comes to the Father except through me.” This is a reaffirmation of Christ’s divinity and the purpose for his coming to Earth.
In regards to Communion, it is a reflection/repetition of the Jewish tradition of Passover. Passover was celebrated to remember God’s protection of the people of Israel while they were in bondage and to remember God’s providence in bringing them out of Egypt.
Christ's sacrifice, as remembered in Communion, was the supreme providence and protection.
As well, in the Jewish mind, eating a meal was a way to confirm a covenant. Partaking in Communion is a repetition of confirming our choice to live in the New Covenant Christ established.
In verse 24, Jesus begins by saying “As it is written . . .” He is referencing the prophecies of the suffering servant in Isaiah 42-53. Jesus references his claim to be the Messiah and to fulfill prophecy with this statement.
The other disciples call Jesus “Lord.” Judas calls Jesus “Rabbi” or “Teacher.” There is no reference in Scripture where Judas calls Jesus “Lord.” Judas was able to accept Christ as teacher but not as Lord.
By Jesus claiming that his body and his blood would be the sacrifice, he was claiming that he was the final and ultimate fulfillment of the Old Testament sacrifices. His sacrifice on the cross would be the final one needed and fulfill all of the sacrificial requirements.
Questions to reflect upon:
- In what ways is Communion a celebration of God’s providence in bringing us out of bondage?
- Why was Judas unable to call Jesus “Lord?” What is the difference between calling Jesus “Lord” versus calling him “teacher?”
- How is Christ’s sacrifice the ultimate sacrifice? How does it fulfill the Old Testament sacrificial requirements?
- Why did Jesus need to remind them to “remember” him? Why did they need reassurance that he would always be with them?